Narcissistic personality disorder is a mental condition that is characterized by feelings of superiority and arrogance. A person who has NPD may seem to be tough as he is mean to others and lacks empathy, but in actual he has a fragile self-esteem. People with this disorder behave in a particular way which reflects in all their fields of life from personal to professional.

Signs of the personality disorder

Here are 12 characteristics of a person who is suffering through narcissistic personality disorder:

1 – He needs attention and admiration

A narcissist thinks that he is superior to others which is what leads him to expect more attention from everyone he comes across. He wants to be praised for everything he does and believes that he is deserving of all the compliments thrown his way.

2 – He lacks empathy

Someone who is a victim of this personality disorder lacks empathy. He is unable to understand other people’s concerns and feelings. Since he believes he is better than others, he doesn’t even bother to connect with anyone on a deeper level.

3 – He is envious of others

A narcissist seeks perfection and is typically jealous of anyone who is better than him in any regard. He believes everyone is envious of him, when in truth, it is the other way around. This jealousy also fuels his competitive behavior.

4 – He thinks of himself as very important

Another symptom of narcissism is a person’s inflated sense of self-importance. A narcissist is usually selfish and thinks of himself as a very important individual. In this regard, he thinks that his interests are more worth consideration than those of others.

5 – He doesn’t admit his flaws

Since a narcissist floats in the belief that he is perfect, it is very difficult for him to recognize or accept his mistakes. He thinks he cannot be wrong. He believes that he cannot have any flaws or that he cannot err anywhere.

6 – He divides people into classes

A narcissist believes that people can either be superior or inferior. He doesn’t associate himself with anyone who he thinks is below him. He cares a lot about his social standing and financial status. He thinks he belongs to the crowd of those who are superior to others.

7 – He fantasizes about being more superior

Someone who has the narcissistic personality disorder is always lost in fantasies of fame, power, and public praise. He wants to be more famous, richer, and more powerful. He also thinks that he is deserving of all those things already.

8 – He has a quick temper

Narcissists also get angry very quickly which leads them to hurting others’ feelings. The reason behind this is that narcissists are impatient. They believe they shouldn’t be made to wait for anything and that their standing in their circle allows them to rebuke others.

9 – He struggles with insecurity and shame

While a narcissist doesn’t acknowledge such feelings openly, deep inside he is an insecure person. He is a very vulnerable person who is easy to get to. He holds a lot of shame in his heart and is very sensitive to criticism.

10 – He fears feeling helpless

Another sign of a narcissist is that he fears feeling powerless or helpless. This is because he has made a reputation for himself of being mean and unbreakable and he doesn’t want that image of his in the public to shatter. He strives to protect the name he has made for himself.

11 – He has a desire to seek revenge

A narcissist thinks that he deserves more respect than others do. This makes him think that no one should dare bring him down. If anyone does try to do so, he gets frustrated and wants to take revenge soon.

12 – He is arrogant and rude

A person who is a narcissist is haughty. He is mean to others to the extent of being abusive. He thinks that he has earned the status of demeaning other people and that since they are all below him, he can mock and bully them.

What are the causes behind this personality disorder?

In most cases, there are three causes behind narcissistic personality disorder. These have been discussed below:

  • Environment: the environment in which a person grows up or lives can lead him to become a narcissist. This means those who are praised or criticized a lot can develop NPD
  • Genetics: one’s heredity can also be the culprit behind his narcissistic personality. He may have inherited narcissistic traits from someone in his family tree
  • Neurobiology: the connections in the brain can also be responsible for the development of narcissistic behavior

Important facts that you should know about NPD

Here are some interesting facts to know about narcissistic personality disorder:

  • It is more common among males than females
  • It can also lead to depression and suicidal thoughts
  • Therapy can help one get relief from this ailment
  • It can cause mental and physical health complications

Social media and narcissism

The excessive use of social media can have a negative impact on one’s mental health. One research also shows that people who post too many selfies and pictures on social media are likely to see an up in their narcissistic traits. Therefore, it is necessary to limit one’s use of social networks.


Narcissistic personality disorder is characterized by signs such as an elevated sense of self-importance, the need for praise, and the lack of empathy for others. Narcissists have a fragile self-esteem even if they don’t show or acknowledge it.

While a narcissist is not likely to admit that he is the victim of a mental condition, there are treatment options available. If left untreated, narcissism can create problems in both one’s personal and professional sphere. NPD can negatively impact one’s relationships. It may also ruin his health on many more levels, both physical and mental.