Herpes is the viral infection that can infect the mouth, genitals, and the anus. This infection is caused by two types of Herpes Viruses that are HSV-1 or Herpes Simplex Virus type 1 and the HSV-2 or Herpes Simplex Virus type 2. The latter is the cause behind anal herpes.
As herpes is contagious, it is mainly transmitted through sexual contact. This is the reason why it is also considered a STD or STI. Like any other sexually transmitted disease (STD), it can also happen due to lack of sanitation and precautions. Multiple people around the globes suffer from one or another sort of herpes.
There aren’t any distinguishing symptoms related to anal herpes. At times, it might even go unobserved apart from the blisters and itching that can be observed around the anal area. However, this infection is contagious, therefore it is important to have proper information and treatment.
Some more common symptoms include:
- Painful blisters around the anus
- Pain and itching around the anus
- Ulcers developing at the place of blisters
- Improper bowel habits
- Weak Immune System
How does it spread?
Though the common belief is that the herpes is mainly transmitted through sexual contact, it doesn’t always have to infect via this means. As the infection is contagious, the chances of its spreading are higher like any viral infection.
It’s especially Herpes Type 2, which spreads through sexual contact. Hundreds and thousands of people around the globe are getting infected by herpes each year. This shows that the disease that is considered “gross” is massively spreading throughout.
It is also important to understand that anal herpes may lead to genital herpes but not all the time genital herpes would result in anal herpes. However, as this is sexually transmitted diseases, it is important to have regular checkups. Those who have it should keep consulting the doctor.
When it comes to the diagnosis of the treatment, the doctor first looks for the symptoms as the signs of herpes, hemorrhage, and syphilis tend to be similar. Hence, distinguishing between these three infections becomes problematic. Therefore, the doctors will do a physical test to confirm the disease.
However, when the symptoms are not prominent in this case, doctors run various tests to confirm the cause of the disease. As anal herpes, HSV-2 is a sexually transmitted disease, the doctors need to confirm that the main infection is caused due to a virus. This is important because there may be other viruses and organisms, which are transported due to the intercourse.
The diagnosis, like other diseases, is mainly done through blood sampling. Additionally, a blood test is run for identifying and confirming the disease after which proper treatments commence.
Treatment for herpes is important. The culprit behind this health concern is viral and has the tendency of reoccurring. It majorly stays in the body and can disrupt major chunks of your life. Therefore, taking proper medication and being in contact with the doctor is really important.
As HSV-2 is a viral disease, antiviral medications are prescribed by physicians. These are taken to reduce the initial symptoms and distress caused by the virus. Physicians can also make these medications a part of the patient’s regular life to reduce the occurrence and severity of the disease.
The treatment not only helps the sufferer but the sufferer’s partner. If the case is severe, doctors also go for injections to transfer medicine directly into the bloodstream.
HSV is becoming common in the United States. For a long while, this disease has been considered as a plague but that is not how it should be taken. It is a prevailing issue and instead of avoiding it, proper treatments and knowledge about the disease should be spread.