The majority of the people are familiar with a term like AIDS, a health condition during which the immunity system starts attacking the body instead of protecting it against bacteria and viruses. People with aids are exposed to all kinds of viruses and pathogens that can later become fatal.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is somewhat a similar condition. But, the difference is that the autoimmune system starts attacking joints and lining tissues of joints which can create disability. This kind of arthritis is different from the other sort of arthritis commonly known as osteoarthritis in which the inflammation or pain in joints is chiefly the result of age and weakening bones.
In rheumatoid arthritis, it’s the inflammation of the lining around the joint, which makes it quite painful. On top of that, RA is a long-term chronic condition.
The main symptom of rheumatoid arthritis is the pain in the joints and tender joints that is caused due to the inflammation in joints. There are other symptoms as well, which include stiffness in the joints, swelling of the joints, and at times the loss of function of the joints.
The prominent symptom part that helps distinguish is that the same joints of both the sides are more likely to be affected. This is what helps a physician helps the physician to diagnose the disease. Moreover, in the early stage of arthritis, the smaller joints are more likely to be affected including joints of the finger and toes.
As the severity increases, the condition can further impact other joints like knees, wrists, and elbows. The disease can even appear at the early age of 30. In this regard, it is recommended that treatment should be considered and be done with full concentration. If left untreated, the disease can culminate in the deformity of the limbs.
Other than the symptoms that include joints, rheumatoid arthritis also affects other body parts including the skin, heart, eyes, lungs, kidneys, nerve tissues, and others. Almost half of the people with rheumatoid arthritis complain about such problems in other organs.
The symptoms of the disease can differ in severity and at times disappear with the high chances of appearing again.
Being an autoimmune disease, rheumatoid arthritis doesn’t have any proper treatment and cure. However, anti-inflammatory medicines and painkillers are used to lower the severity. Usage of these medications and an early discovery is more helpful as it may completely treat the disease in certain cases with a high chance of never occurring again.
The full treatment includes medicines, dietary changes, home remedies, and physiotherapies. The most common sort of medicines, which are used for rheumatoid include NSAIDS, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory disease, steroids for reducing the pain and slowing the symptoms of the disease, and disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, which are used to slow the symptoms and protect other organs.
On top of these, biologic agents are also used in order to target the autoimmune system. Furthermore, physical therapies are also recommended to people with rheumatoid to keep the joints more flexible and working.
There are exercises that are done to keep the joints used to of movement and your therapist may even recommend some activities that you can do on your own. As there are millions of people who are affected by the disease, there are ongoing strategies, which are used to make the treatment easier.
People with the disease can use assisting tools in their normal daily routine works. These tools can be found in medical stores and can be recommended by the doctor. An example of such a tool entails knives with saw handle.
Lastly, as the disease is chronic and can affect a patient’s lifestyle, it is important to make some alterations in daily life. These include regular exercises to keep the body moving and giving your body proper rest so it has the time to heal. It is also best to keep stress at bay as it can worsen the condition.