Acid reflux is a common digestive health issue. It affects about 20% of the population in the US. Acid reflux is characterized by the backward flow of the stomach acid and contents into the esophagus instead of moving down its trek to the intestines. In this case, the low esophageal sphincter (LES) is unable to hold back the contents of the stomach.
The LES is a muscular ring that opens to let the food coming from the esophagus enter into the stomach. Then, it closes immediately to prevent the food from moving back up into the food pipe. However, if the LES is damaged or weak, it does not close properly. Under those circumstances, the food moves from stomach to the esophagus, which culminates in acid reflux symptoms.
Here are the common symptoms of acid reflux that should help you identify the problem:
When your stomach contents flow back from the stomach to the food pipe, they carry the stomach acids too. This acid is likely to burn the tissue, which results in heartburn. It also leads to a painful sensation in your chest which is commonly recognized as heartburn.
This is another sign of acid reflux. It is comprehended as experiencing the movement of liquid food or bile in the throat. This is known as regurgitation and some people might even vomit.
- Sour taste
If the stomach acid reaches your throat or mouth, it can leave a bitter or sour taste in your mouth. This can also lead to a burning sensation in your mouth and throat.
- Difficulty in swallowing
Challenges in swallowing implicate about 1 in 25 people every year. It is also called dysphagia and there are a number of reasons for it besides acid reflux. These include cancer, multiple sclerosis, stroke, and Parkinson’s disease.
It is identified as discomfort in the upper middle part of the stomach. Dyspepsia is commonly known as indigestion. Some people who experience dyspepsia often feel a number of other symptoms. These include feeling uncomfortable, burping a lot, an upset stomach, heartburn, and bloating. You can also be feeling nauseated.
- Sore throat
A sore throat occurs because acid reflux irritates the throat. Some signs of these are a hoarse voice, sore throat, and the lumpy sensation in the throat.
The severity of symptoms
The intensity of these acid reflux symptoms ranges between mild to severe. These signs become all the more prevalent when you lie down or bend over, have a spicy or fatty meal, and in the aftermath of a heavy meal.
Acid reflux can occur at any time. However, it tends to be more common among people during the night time when they lay down and the position encourages the content of the stomach to move back into the esophagus.
In addition to these symptoms, you can also be experiencing dry cough and asthma. You may have the former due to the feeling of a lump in your throat that you might want to get rid of by coughing. You can work to treat the acid reflux problem as soon as you notice these symptoms.