Who doesn’t love a piece of cake, creamy texture of ice cream or a perfectly grilled steak? Just imagining these can whet our appetite. However, unfortunately, for some folks, these can be a cause of great distress as they consist of compounds that can cause severe allergies.
Allergy is a natural reaction caused in your body when your immune system adversely reacts to something. When it comes to a food allergy, it can be any protein or compound, which acts as an allergen and is found in your food source.
Here’s a list of the most commonly prevalent food allergies:
- Milk allergy
Milk allergy is the most common that is mainly found in younger children. It affects around 2-3% of kids. This allergy is different than lactose intolerance. The former is a situation where the immune system fights the protein present in milk. However, in lactose intolerance, the milk sugar, lactose, is hard to digest by the sufferer.
Milk allergy can be diagnosed when a child is introduced to cow milk. It is more common among those who are mostly formula-fed as compared to those who kids who are breastfed. Some of the symptoms of milk allergy include trouble breathing, coughing, wheezing, and hives.
How to avoid it:
Usually, children grow out of this allergy as soon as they grow old. However, some precautionary steps can be taken in order to avoid serious health consequences. For the mothers who are breastfeeding their children, they should take care of their own diet. Mostly, such moms should avoid dairy product as that can cause trouble for the child.
For the children who are formula-fed, their doctors may recommend hydrolyzed formula milk as the protein in it is further broken down. This makes it easy for the kid to digest. These formula milk can be both extensively hydrolyzed or partially hydrolyzed.
- Wheat allergy
Another reaction to the food that can culminate in an allergy is caused by wheat. Like milk, this allergy is also caused by the protein, which is present in wheat. Moreover, it differs from gluten sensitivity as gluten is present in many other sources apart from wheat. Around 20% of people who are allergic to wheat may show a reaction to other grains.
This allergy is also said to be common among kids. Mostly, it impacts children by the time they turn three. This allergy can be caused by any protein, which is found in wheat. If not taken care of properly, the allergy can prove to be fatal. Some of the symptoms include nausea, vomiting, hives, and rashes.
How to avoid:
There are various items in your daily diet, which include wheat. Avoiding them is important if you or your loved one is allergic to wheat. There can be various alternative food items that can be picked in place of wheat. As chances are higher that any other grain will not be much harmful, switching to them is also a viable option.
On the other hand, there are various cosmetic products that include wheat. Avoiding them is also crucial. You should have anti-allergics around you all the time to avoid serious consequences. Lastly, make sure to always read the labels on food items.
- Soy allergy
Another family of food item which can cause an allergy is the legume family. The main culprit is soy that comes from soybean. Those who are allergic to soy can also be allergic to other legumes. Usually, the allergic caused by soy is mild but it can turn severe if not properly taken care of.
Soy allergy, like other allergies, is common among young children and preteens but some of the adults and teenagers can also be at stake. The symptoms are as common as other food allergies and include watery eyes, stomach ache, vomiting, and throat tightness.
How to avoid:
Usually, those who are allergic to any of the food items are prescribed an anti-allergic medication by doctors. The most common of these is epinephrine auto-injector and your doctor will guide you about using it. If there is even a slight chance of the intake of soy, you should definitely have this around you to avoid serious damage.
Apart from it, there are some other preventive measures, which should be taken when any sort of food allergy is caused. Read the food labels when you go to grocery shopping. There are many food items that have soy in them. Miso, Natto, Shoyu, Soybean are some types of soy included in various food products.
- Peanut allergy
Peanuts are also the reason behind another very common food allergy, which is found in many people. This allergy differs from that of tree nuts like walnuts, cashew, or pistachio. Peanut belongs to the legume family but it doesn’t mean that you will have allergy from other legumes.
Like other allergies, peanut can also cause a severe reaction to the body and can even be fatal. Even the small amount of peanuts can cause the harm. Some of the symptoms include dizziness, swelling, drop in blood pressure, coughing, and trouble in breathing.
How to avoid:
When it comes to avoidance and dealing with it, the major solution is to always have epinephrine shots ready with you as they are easy to handle and can put the stop to any of the serious symptoms caused by the allergy.
You should also be very cautious of the items, which you are eating and avoid all the sources that can provide even a small amount of peanut. Beer nuts, arachis oil, mixed nuts, and Lupin are few of the sources that can expose you to peanuts and should be avoided.
- Egg allergy
Where milk allergy has to be one of the most common food allergies, eggs allergy comes right after it. It is another commonly found food allergy that can have severe impacts. Eggs are included in pretty much everything you eat, which is why you have to be cautious is really important.
It is quite common among kids. It is said that most of them, around 68% will grow out of it. Nevertheless, it is important that you know about it and the related symptoms that include digestive problems like stomachache, skin reaction, and other respiratory issues.
How to avoid:
The basic step of avoiding egg allergy is to avoid any food source that might have an egg in it or directly eating egg itself. But, it is also said that, at times, when the egg is used as an ingredient, the chances of having the allergy may decrease due to the high temperature on which it is cooked.
Apart from this, you should always have anti-allergic meds with yourself because the chances may decrease but not everyone acts in the same way. It is better to be safe than sorry. Hence, be prepared for every situation.
Take home message:
Food allergies are majorly found in kids and mostly they are lessened by the time children will turn three or maximum until the age of ten. However, it is very important that you are cautious of these signs and always be careful of any symptom that may surface. It is also very important to have to check up with a doctor to know more about your health.